In this post I have listed the 100+ KPIs (key performance indicators) and formulas that are used in the field of software testing to measure various parameters.

**Test case execution time**– this KPI used to measure the time taken to execute a test case.

Formula: Time taken to execute a test case / Total number of test cases executed.**Number of defects found per test cycle**– this KPI used to measure the number of defects found during a specific testing cycle.

Formula: Total number of defects found / Number of testing cycles.**Defect severity distribution**– the distribution of defects by severity level.

Example: Critical, High, Medium, and Low.

Formula: Number of defects by severity level / Total number of defects.**Defect density**– the number of defects found per unit of code.

Formula: Total number of defects / Size of the code base.**Test case coverage**– the percentage of code covered by test cases.

Formula: Size of the code covered by test cases / Total size of the code.**Test case effectiveness**– the ability of a test case to detect defects.

Formula: Number of defects found by a test case / Total number of defects found.**Test case efficiency**– the time taken to execute a test case relative to the importance of the test case.

Formula: Time taken to execute a test case / Importance of the test case.**Defects found vs. resolved rate**– the rate at which defects are found and resolved.

Formula: Number of defects found / Number of defects resolved.**Defects reopened rate**– the rate at which defects are reopened after being resolved.

Formula: Number of defects reopened / Total number of defects.**Defects deferred rate**– the rate at which defects are deferred to a later stage in the development cycle.

Formula: Number of defects deferred / Total number of defects.**Defects per test case**– the average number of defects found per test case.

Formula: Total number of defects / Total number of test cases.**Defect aging**– the amount of time it takes for a defect to be resolved.

Formula: Time taken to resolve a defect – Time taken to detect a defect.**Test case maintenance cost**– the cost of maintaining test cases over time.

Formula: Cost of maintaining test cases / Total number of test cases.**Test case automation percentage**– the percentage of test cases that have been automated.

Formula: Number of automated test cases / Total number of test cases.**Test case execution efficiency**– the ability to execute test cases efficiently.

Formula: Number of test cases executed / Time taken to execute the test cases.**Test case reliability**– the ability of a test case to produce consistent results.

Formula: Number of consistent results / Total number of test cases.**Test case stabilit**y – the ability of a test case to remain stable over time.

Formula: Number of stable test cases / Total number of test cases.**Test case coverage efficiency**– the percentage of code covered by a test case.

Formula: Size of the code covered by a test case / Total size of the code.**Test case coverage completeness**– the percentage of code covered by all test cases.

Formula: Total size of the code covered by all test cases / Total size of the code.**Test case execution frequency**– the number of times a test case is executed.

Formula: Number of times a test case is executed / Total number of test cases.**Test case documentation completeness**– the completeness of the test case documentation.

Formula: Total number of documented test cases / Total number of test cases.**Test case documentation accuracy**– the accuracy of the test case documentation.

Formula: Total number of accurate test cases / Total number of test cases.- T
**est case documentation maintenance cost**– the cost of maintaining test case documentation over time.

Formula: Cost of maintaining test case documentation / Total number of test cases. **Test case review effectiveness**– the ability of a test case review to identify defects.

Formula: Number of defects identified during a test case review / Total number of defects.**Test case review efficiency**– the time taken to complete a test case review.

Formula: Time taken to complete a test case review / Total number of test cases reviewed.**Test case review coverage**– the percentage of test cases that have been reviewed.

Formula: Total number of reviewed test cases / Total number of test cases.**Test environment setup time**– the time taken to set up a test environment.

Formula: Time taken to set up a test environment / Total number of test environments.**Test environment stability**– the stability of the test environment.

Formula: Number of stable test environments / Total number of test environments.**Test environment availability**– the availability of the test environment.

Formula: Time the test environment is available / Total time.**Test data availability**– the availability of test data.

Formula: Time test data is available / Total time.**Test data accuracy**– the accuracy of test data.

Formula: Number of accurate test data sets / Total number of test data sets.**Test data completeness**– the completeness of test data.

Formula: Total number of complete test data sets / Total number of test data sets.**Test data diversity**– the diversity of test data.

Formula: Number of diverse test data sets / Total number of test data sets.- T
**est case failure rate**– the rate at which test cases fail.

Formula: Number of failed test cases / Total number of test cases. **Test case pass rate**– the rate at which test cases pass.

Formula: Number of passed test cases / Total number of test cases.**Test case blocking rate**– the rate at which test cases block the development process.

Formula: Number of blocking test cases / Total number of test cases.**Test case criticality**– the criticality of a test case.

Formula: Severity of the defect found by the test case / Total severity of defects found.**Test case complexity**– the complexity of a test case.

Formula: Time taken to execute a test case / Number of steps in the test case.**Test case impact**– the impact of a test case on the system.

Formula: Number of affected modules / Total number of modules.**Test case maintenance rate**– the rate at which test cases require maintenance.

Formula: Number of test cases that require maintenance / Total number of test cases.**Test case maintainability**– the ease with which test cases can be maintained.

Formula: Time taken to maintain a test case / Total number of test cases.**Test case manageability**– the ease with which test cases can be managed.

Formula: Time taken to manage a test case / Total number of test cases.**Test case priority**– the priority of a test case.

Formula: Importance of the test case / Total importance of all test cases.**Test case relevance**– the relevance of a test case to the system.

Formula: Number of relevant test cases / Total number of test cases.**Test case reproducibility**– the ability of a test case to produce consistent results.

Formula: Number of consistent results / Total number of test cases.**Test case scalability**– the ability of a test case to scale with the system.

Formula: Time taken to execute a test case at scale / Time taken to execute a test case at a smaller scale.**Test coverage**– the extent to which a system or component has been tested.

Formula: (Number of requirements tested / Total number of requirements) * 100**Test efficiency**– the ratio of the number of test cases executed to the time taken to execute them.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed / Time taken to execute them) * 100**Test execution time**– the time taken to execute all the test cases in a test cycle.

Formula: Time taken to execute all test cases / Total number of test cases.**Test failure analysis**– the analysis of the cause of a test case failure.

Formula: Number of test case failures analyzed / Total number of test case failures.**Test maintenance cost**– the cost of maintaining the test cases over time.

Formula: Total cost of maintaining test cases / Total number of test cases.**Test management cost**– the cost of managing the testing process.

Formula: Total cost of managing testing process / Total number of test cases.**Test planning accuracy**– the accuracy of the test plan.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed as per plan / Total number of test cases) * 100**Test planning effectiveness**– the ability of the test plan to identify defects.

Formula: (Number of defects identified through the test plan / Total number of defects) * 100**Test planning efficiency**– the time taken to plan the test cases.

Formula: Time taken to plan the test cases / Total number of test cases.- T
**est planning quality**– the quality of the test plan.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed as per plan and met the quality standards / Total number of test cases executed as per plan) * 100 **Test process cycle time**– the time taken to complete a test cycle.

Formula: Time taken to complete a test cycle / Total number of test cases.**Test progress**– the progress made towards completing the testing process.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed / Total number of test cases) * 100**Test resource allocation**– the allocation of resources to testing.

Formula: (Total time spent on testing / Total time) * 100**Test result analysis**– the analysis of the test results.

Formula: (Number of test results analyzed / Total number of test results) * 100**Test review effectiveness**– the ability of a test review to identify defects.

Formula: (Number of defects identified during a test review / Total number of defects) * 100**Test review efficiency**– the time taken to complete a test review.

Formula: Time taken to complete a test review / Total number of test cases reviewed.**Test review coverage**– the percentage of test cases that have been reviewed.

Formula: (Total number of reviewed test cases / Total number of test cases) * 100**Test schedule adherence**– the extent to which the testing process adheres to the schedule.

Formula: (Total number of test cases executed as per schedule / Total number of test cases) * 100**Test strategy effectiveness**– the effectiveness of the testing strategy.

Formula: (Number of defects identified as per the testing strategy / Total number of defects) * 100**Test strategy efficiency**– the time taken to create the testing strategy.

Formula: Time taken to create the testing strategy / Total number of test cases.**Test strategy quality**– the quality of the testing strategy.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed as per strategy and met the quality standards / Total number of test cases executed as per strategy) * 100**Test summary report completeness**– the completeness of the test summary report.

Formula: (Number of sections completed in the test summary report / Total number**Test summary report effectiveness**– the effectiveness of the test summary report in communicating the testing results.

Formula: (Number of stakeholders who understood the test summary report / Total number of stakeholders) * 100**Test summary report timeliness**– the timeliness of the test summary report.

Formula: (Time taken to create the test summary report / Total time available) * 100**Test suite quality**– the quality of the test suite.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed without any defects / Total number of test cases executed) * 100**Test suite completeness**– the completeness of the test suite.

Formula: (Number of test cases in the test suite / Total number of requirements) * 100**Test suite maintenance cost**– the cost of maintaining the test suite.

Formula: Total cost of maintaining test suite / Total number of test cases.**Test suite stability**– the stability of the test suite over time.

Formula: (Number of test cases in the test suite that have remained stable over time / Total number of test cases in the test suite) * 100**Test suite update frequency**– the frequency with which the test suite is updated.

Formula: Number of times the test suite has been updated / Total time.**Test summary report accuracy**– the accuracy of the test summary report.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed as per the test summary report / Total number of test cases executed) * 100**Test tool effectiveness**– the effectiveness of the test tools used.

Formula: (Number of defects identified through test tools / Total number of defects) * 100**Test tool efficiency**– the time taken to execute test cases using the test tools.

Formula: (Time taken to execute test cases using test tools / Time taken to execute test cases manually) * 100**Test traceability**– the ability to trace test cases to requirements.

Formula: (Number of test cases traced to requirements / Total number of test cases) * 100**Test usability**– the usability of the testing process and tools.

Formula: (Number of users who found the testing process and tools easy to use / Total number of users) * 100**Test workload**– the workload of the testing team.

Formula: (Total time spent on testing / Total number of testers) * 100**Test case stability**– the stability of the test cases over time.

Formula: (Number of test cases that have remained stable over time / Total number of test cases) * 100**Test case update frequency**– the frequency with which the test cases are updated.

Formula: Number of times the test cases have been updated / Total time.**Test coverage efficiency**– the efficiency of the test coverage.

Formula: (Number of requirements tested / Total number of requirements) / Time taken to test each requirement.**Test data accuracy**– the accuracy of the test data.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed with accurate test data / Total number of test cases executed) * 100**Test data completeness**– the completeness of the test data.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed with complete test data / Total number of test cases executed) * 100**Test data consistency**– the consistency of the test data.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed with consistent test data / Total number of test cases executed) * 100**Test data relevance**– the relevance of the test data to the requirements.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed with relevant test data / Total number of test cases executed) * 100**Test data validity**– the validity of the test data.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed with valid test data /**Test data validity**– the validity of the test data.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed with valid test data / Total number of test cases executed) * 100**Test environment availability**– the availability of the test environment.

Formula: (Time the test environment was available / Total time required for testing) * 100**Test environment readiness**– the readiness of the test environment.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed without any environment-related issues / Total number of test cases executed) * 100**Test execution effectiveness**– the effectiveness of the test execution process.

Formula: (Number of defects identified during test execution / Total number of defects) * 100**Test execution efficiency**– the time taken to execute test cases.

Formula: (Time taken to execute test cases / Total number of test cases) * 100**Test execution productivity**– the productivity of the testing team during test execution.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed per tester per day / Total number of testers) * 100**Test execution quality**– the quality of the test execution process.

Formula: (Number of test cases executed without any defects / Total number of test cases executed) * 100**Test execution speed**– the speed at which the test cases are executed.

Formula: (Total number of test cases executed / Time taken to execute all test cases) * 100**Test execution timeliness**– the timeliness of the test execution process.

Formula: (Time taken to execute all test cases / Total time available for test execution) * 100**Test status reporting effectiveness**– the effectiveness of the test status reporting process.

Formula: (Number of stakeholders who understood the test status report / Total number of stakeholders) * 100**Test status reporting timeliness**– the timeliness of the test status reporting process.

Formula: (Time taken to generate the test status report / Total time available for generating the test status report) * 100